Category Archives: 2000-1000 BC
55 km to the northwest of Hama, Syria, overlooking the Ghab valley. It was fortified and enlarged by Seleucus I Nicator in 300 BC, who so named it after his Bactrian wife, Apame.
The acropolis hill is now occupied by the ruins called Kalat el-Mudik (Kŭlat el-Mudîk). The ruins of a highly ornamental character, and of an enormous extent, are still standing, the remains, probably, of the temples of which Sozomen speaks (vii. 15); part of the town is enclosed in an ancient castle situated on a hill; the remainder is to be found in the plain.
from wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apamea_%28Syria%29
The site itself is a large tell or hill of accumulated ruins from past kingdoms, and in some parts of the tell it has been excavated far enough to excavate the artifacts of the 7th Millennium BC. The main entrance is through a ticket office on the West side of the site. To the south are remains of the fortress and the walls and gate that used to protect the main palace complex. The walls and fortress belong to the 15th century BC after the city’s redevelopment.
The main palace dates back to the 14th to 13th century BC. There are two pillars on both sides of the entrance. Through the entrance between the pillars is a courtyard sort of reception area which opens up into the rest of the palace. On the left of this courtyard are a few rooms that where the important archives were found. Also evident in the courtyard are the water canals that would send the water around the building. Further on are the 90 rooms situated in a maze like structure covering an area of approximately 6500 sq. meters.
Although this is all on the first floor level, this layout of rooms were buildings of several stories high. The stonework was usually mixed with wooden work. This palace is where the ruling family or dynasty used to live, and it is possible to imagine the importance of this palace’s role, which was quite self dependant even having the facilities for baking the archive tablets. In some of the rooms you can often see staircases which used to lead to the upper floors.
On both the north and south sides of the main palace is what are called subsidiary palaces. There are also a few resident houses with a shrine, and the Governor’s residence, which is older as it was not rebuilt after the 14th century BC. East of the main palace is the residential area. There is a large building in this quarter which is called the House of Rupanu. Further up the tell is the main temple area. There are two temples on this acropolis, one dedicated to the worship of the Semitic patron deity Baal, and the other to Dagon.